Khans and Emirs of the Golden Horde

 

A.L. Ponomarev

 

Dynasty Personal Name Native Name Personal Name Variants Title Period (Hirji Calendar) Period (Gregorian Calendar) Region Province Right of Succession Notes
Juchid Berkejar     Khan     Central Asia   4th son of Juchi  
Juchid Buval   Teval Khan     Eastern Europe   7th son of Juchi  
Juchid Juchi   Jochi Khan     Central Asia   1st son of Chingiz Khan  
Juchid Shiban     Khan     Central Asia   5th son of Juchi  
Juchid Tangkut     Khan     Eastern Europe   6th son of Juchi  
Juchid Batu     Khan 624–653 1226-1255 Eastern Europe   2nd son of Juchi Died: "... étant mort au commencement de l'année 705 arm - 1256" (Kiracos de Gantzak.181)
Chingizid Interregnum       647-649 1249-1251 Middle Volga Bulgar   Great Khan hadn't been elected in Mongolia.
Chingizid Mungke مـنـكـو Möngke Great Khan 649-658 1251-1259 Middle Volga Bulgar 1st son of Toluy Coat of arms "Mungke"
Juchid Sartak   Sartaq Khan 653–654 1255-1256 Eastern Europe   2nd son of Batu Reference: Kiracos de Gantzak.173
Juchid Ulagchi     Khan 654–655 1256-1257 Eastern Europe   4th son of Batu  
Juchid Berke   Birkai Khan 655–665 1256-1266 Eastern Europe   3rd son of Juchi  
Chingizid Arig Boga ارغ بـكـا Ariq Böke Great Khan (claimant) 658-662 1259-1263 Eastern Europe Bulgar 6th son of Toluy  
Emir in Qrim Aytemir اتــيــمــيــر   Emir 660s 1260s Black Sea Qrim    
Juchid Mengu Timur مــنــکــو تــيــمــور Möngke Temür Khan 665–679 1266-1280 Eastern Europe   2nd son of Tukan, grandson of Batu  
Juchid Toda Mangu تــودو مــنــکــو   Khan 679–686 1280-1287 Eastern Europe   3rd son of Tukan, grandson of Batu  
Juchid Nogay نـوقــاي or نـوغــاي  Nogai Khan 681–699 1282-1299 Black Sea West grandson of Buval, 7th son of Juchi Crimea
Juchid Tola Boga تــولــبــغــا Talabuga Khan 686-689/690 1287-1290/1291 Eastern Europe   1st son of Tarbu, grandson of Tukan Co-rulers: Kunchek, Alguy, Torgu
Juchid Alguy     Khan 686–689/690 1287-1290/1291 Eastern Europe   1st son of Mengu Timur  
Juchid Torgul     Khan 686–689/690 1287-1290/1291 Eastern Europe   7th son of Mengu Timur  
Juchid Kunchek     Khan 686–689/690 1287-1290/1291 Eastern Europe Bulgar 2nd son of Tarbu, grandson of Tukan  
Juchid Toqta تــو عــتــا or تــوقــتــا or تــوقــتــو Tokhta Khan 689/690-712 1290/1291-1312 Eastern Europe   4th son of Mengu Timur Died: 09-08-1312
Juchid Chaka جــاکــا   Khan 699-701? 1299-1301? Black Sea West 1st son of Nogay Crimea
Juchid Uzbek اوزبــک Öz Beg, Uzbeg Khan 712-741 1313-1341 Eastern Europe   son of Torgul  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Minkas مــنــکــاس   Emir 730s-740s 1330s-1340s Eastern Europe Qrim son of Abay son of Abay son of Qintimur (Gaev 2002a.53)
Juchid Tinibek   Tini Bek Khan 742 1341 Eastern Europe   1st son of Uzbek  
Juchid Janibek جــانــي بــک Jani Beg Khan 742-758 1342-1357 Eastern Europe   2nd son of Uzbek Died: 758 H spring
Juchid Berdi Beg بــردي بــک Berdibek Khan 758–760 1357-1359 Eastern Europe   son of Djanibek Deposed/Died: 1359-09-05
Juchid Qulpa قــولــبــا Qulna Khan 760–761 1359-1360 Eastern Europe   probably descendant of Berkejar or Tangkut

Enthroned: 1359-09-05? Deposed/Died: 1360-02-28?

Died in febrary 1360 according to the writings of the Venetian notary in Tana Niccolo Bianco (communication of S.P. Karpov) [01 Mar 1360 AD = 11 Rabi ath-Thani 761 H]. Ruled for 6 months 5 days
Juchid Nowruz بــوروز بــک Nawruz Beg Khan 761 1360 Eastern Europe   impostor son of Uzbek, descendant of Tangkut? Enthroned: 1360-03-01 Died: October - November 1360
Sufid Aq Sufi أق صــوفــی   Emir 761-763 1359-1361 Central Asia Khwarizm    
Juchid (Shibanid) Khizr خــصــر Hyzr Khan 761–762 1360-1361 Eastern Europe   son of Mangkutai (Shibanid) Died: Summer 1361
Tukatimurid Nogay بــوقــاي or نـوغــاي Nogai Khan 761–763 1360-1361 Central Asia Syr 2nd son of Sasy (Tukatimurid)  
Juchid (Shibanid) Timur Khwaja تــيــمــور خــواجــه Timur Hadj Khan 762 1361 Eastern Europe   2nd son of Khizr Reigned for 2 weeks. Died: Summer 1361
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Ordu Melik اوردومــلــک Urdu Malik Khan 762 1361 Eastern Europe   son of Iltutar (Tukatimurid) Reigned for 1 month. Died: Autumn 1361
Emir in Mokhshi Seid Bey     Emir 762 1361 Lower Volga Mokhshi    
Juchid Kildi Beg کــلــدي بـيـک or کــلــدي بـک Kildibek Khan 762-763 1361-1362 Eastern Europe   impostor grandson of Uzbek  
Emir in Lower Dnepr Haji Bey
  Hacibey Emir 762-764 1361-1362/1363 Lower Volga Lower Dnepr   Defeated in Battle of Blue Waters
Emir in Gulistan Pulad Timur بــولاد تــیــمــور   Emir 762-768 1361-1367 Middle Volga Gulistan    
Emir in Hajitarkhan Cherkes Beg خــرکــس بــيــک   Emir 762-770, 775-776 1361-1369, 1373-1374 Lower Volga Hajitarkhan    
Emir in Mokhshi Taghay Beg تــعــاي بــک   Emir 763-765 1362-1364 Middle Volga Mokhshi    
Sufid Husain خــســیــن   Emir 763-774 1362-1373 Central Asia Khwarizm    
Juchid (Shibanid) Ilbek     Khan 763-776 1362-1375 Central Asia Kok-Orda son of Mingtimur, (Shibanid)  
Emir in West Mamay مــمــاي Mamai Emir 763-782 1362-1380/1381 West Lower Volga elder brother of Khizr  
Juchid (Shibanid) Murid مــربــد   Khan 763–764 1362-1363/1364        
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Tuqlugh Timur تــقــلــع تــيــمــور   Khan 763–769 1362-1368 Central Asia Syr nephew of Nogay  
Juchid (Shibanid) Khair Pulad خــر بــولاد Mir Pulad Khan 764-766 1363-1365 Lower Volga Volga son of Ming Timur (Shibanid)  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Abdallah عــبــدلــلّــه   Khan 764-770 1362-1369 Crimea   son of Minkas (Tukatimurid) Crimea
Juchid (Shibanid) Pulad Khwaja بــولاد خــواجــه Pulad Hadj Khan 766 1364 Lower Volga Volga    
Juchid (Shibanid) Aziz Shaykh عــزيــز Aziz Sheikh Khan 766–768 1364-1367 Lower Volga Volga son of Toi Khoja (Shibanid)  
Juchid Janibek II جــانــي بــيــک   Khan 767 1366 Black Sea Majar impostor  
Emir in Qrim (Tukatimurid) Timur تــيــمــور   Emir 768-769? 1367-1368? Eastern Europe Qrim son of Qutlug Timur  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Uljay Timur اولــجــا تــيــمــور Uldzhay Timur Khan 768-770? 1367-1369? Lower Volga   2nd son of Kutlug Timur (Tukatimurid) Copper puls of 768 H are known, silver dangi were struck in 769 H in Saray al-Jadidah and more likely in 770 H in Saraychuk
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Mubarak Khwaja مــبــارك خــواجــه   Khan 769 1368 Central Asia Syr cousin of Nogay  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Ali Darwish عــلــی درويــش   Khan 770s? 1370s? Eastern Europe Bulgar cousin of Ordu Melik, son of Ilbek cousin of Ordu Melik, son of Ilbek son of Danishmend son of Baian son of Tukatimur (Gaev 2002a.53)
Emir in Bulgar Hasan حــســن   Emir 770–777 1369-1376 Middle Volga Bulgar    
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Ghias ad-Din Muhammad غــیــاث الــدیــن مــحــمــد تــولاک Muhammad Byulek Khan 771-782 1370-1380 Eastern Europe West son? of Abdallah  
Juchid Tulun Beg khanum تــولــون بــک خــانــیــم Tulunbek khanum Khanum 773 1371 Eastern Europe Sarai daughter of Berdi Beg  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Buker Qutlugh Khwaja     Khan 773 1371 Central Asia Syr 1st son of Sasy (Tukatimurid)  
Sufid Yusuf یــوســف   Emir 774-782 1372-1380 Central Asia Khwarizm    
Juchid (Shibanid) Kagan Beg قــاغــان بــک Kaganbek Khan 777 1375 Volga   son of Ilbek (Shibanid) Khan in Kok Orda 776-778 H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Urus وروس   Khan 777-778 1376-1377 Volga   son of Badyk? (Tukatimurid) Khan in Syr 773-778, khan in Horezm 762-777. Died: 778 H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Toqtakia   Tuktakia Khan 779 1377 Central Asia Syr 1st son of Urus Reigned for 2 months
Juchid (Shibanid) Arab Shakh عــرب شــاه Arabshah Khan 779-780 1377-1378 Lower Volga Volga    
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Timur Melik تــيــمــور مــلــک Timur Malik Khan 779-780 1377-1378 Central Asia Syr 6th son of Urus  
Emir in Solhat Cherkes خــرکــس   Emir 781-782 1379-1380 Eastern Europe Qrim    
Emir in Solhat Haji Muhammad     Emir 781-782 1379-1380 Eastern Europe Qrim    
Emir in Solhat Sharji     Emir 781-782 1379-1380 Eastern Europe Qrim    
Emir in Solhat Iliasbey     Emir 781-783 1379-1381 Eastern Europe Qrim    
Sufid Balankhi بــالانــخــي   Emir 782 1380 Central Asia Khwarizm    
Sufid Maing مــیــنــگ   Emir 782 1380 Central Asia Khwarizm    
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Qutul Boga قــتــل بــوكــا   Emir 782-789 1380-1387 Black Sea Qrim and West   Probably the same person as Qutlugh Beg emir in Qrim - son of Qutlugh Timur son of Numkan son of Abay son of Qintimur and father of Shadi Beg
Sufid Sulayman ســلــيــمــان   Emir 782-790 1380-1388 Central Asia Khwarizm    
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Toqtamish تــوقــتــمــيــش Tokhtamish Khan 782–799 1380-1397 Eastern Europe   son of Toi Khoja (Tukatimurid) Khan in Syr 780-793 H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Tash Timur تــاش تــيــمــور   Khan 796–797/798–799 1394-1395/1396-1397 Eastern Europe   son of Jine (Tukatimurid)  
Juchid Berdi Beg II     Khan 799 1397        
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Timur Qutlugh تــيــمــور قــتــلــع Temur Qutlugh Khan 799-802 1397-1399 Eastern Europe   son Timur emir in Qrim (Tukatimurid) son of Timur son of Qutlug Timur son of Numqan son of Abay (Gaev 2002a.53)
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Shadi Beg شــادي بــک   Khan 802–810 1399-1407 Eastern Europe   son of Kutlu Beg (Tukatimurid) Deposed: Muharram 810 H Died: 811 H. The prince Ivan Mikhailovich who left Tver for the Horde on 20 July 1407 on his way received the news Shadi Beg had been deposed (ПСРЛ.25.236-237).
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Pulad بــولاد   Khan 810–813 1407-1410 Eastern Europe   3rd son of Timur Kutlug Enthroned: Muharram 810 H Deposed: Winter 813 H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Timur تــيــمــور   Khan 813–814 1410-1411 Eastern Europe   4th son of Timur Kutlug Enthroned: Winter 813 H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Jalal ad-Din جــالل الــديــب   Khan 814–815 1411-1412 Eastern Europe   4th son of Toqtamysh Enthroned: Before 1411-02-17. Died: Aug/Sep 1412
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Kerim Berdi کــريــم بــردي Karim Berdi Khan 815–816 1412-1414 Eastern Europe   3rd son of Toqtamysh Deposed: Spring 816 H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Kepek قــبـک Kebek Khan 816-818? 1414-1416? Eastern Europe   2nd son of Toqtamysh  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Chekreh جــکــره   Khan 816–818 1414-1416 Eastern Europe   son of Akmyl (Tukatimurid)  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Darwish درويــش   Khan 818–822 1416-1419 Eastern Europe   son of Altyqurtuka (Tukatimurid)  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Jabbar Berdi الــجــبــار بــردي Yeremferden Khan 819 1417 Eastern Europe   5th son of Toqtamysh Died: Before 1417-12-26
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Seid Ahmad I ســیــد احــمــد   Khan 819 1417 Volga East son of Akmyl (Tukatimurid) Reference: Reva-Sharafeev 2005b
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Khedir Berdi خــصــر بــردي   Khan 822 1419 Eastern Europe   1st son of Toqtamysh  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Beg Sufi بــک صــوفــي   Khan 822-825 1419-1422 Black Sea Qrim son of Tash Timur Deposed/Died: ca 1422-12-16 [2 Muharram 826]
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Ulugh Muhammad مــحــمــد Ulugh Mehmed Khan 822–840 1419-1437 Black Sea   nephew of Tash Timur Khan in Khanate of Kazan (1438-1445). Died: 1445
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Khudaidad خــدايــداد   Khan 825–827 1422-1424 Black Sea   cousin of Ulugh Muhammad  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Dawlat Berdi دولــت بــردي Devlet Berdi Khan 826-831 1422-1428 Eastern Europe   son of Tash Timur From: 1422-12-16, 1424-01-14 - 1424-06-12. Died: 1428
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Boraqa مــحــمــد بــراقــا Baraq Khan 826–830/831 1422-1427/1428 Eastern Europe   son of Koiurjaq Khan in Syr 823-831 H. Died: 832 H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Mahmud Khwaja مــحــمــود خــواجــه Mahmud Hadj Khan 832 1429 Eastern Europe   son of Kaganbek Khan in Kok Orda 822-832 H, in Syr 831-832 H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Abulhair     Khan 832-874? 1429-1469 Central Asia Syr great grandson of Khair Pulad Born: 1413. Died: 1469
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Muhammad bin Timur مــحــمــد بــن تــيــمــور   Khan 834/836–847? 1430/1432-1443? Eastern Europe   son of Timur Khan in Syr 832-? H
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Seid Ahmad II ســیــد احــمــد   Khan 841/842–863 1437/1438-1459 Black Sea   son of Kerim Berdi  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Mahmud I     Khan 849–865 1445-1460 Middle Volga   son of Ulugh Muhammad  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Mahmud III     Khan 864–870? 1459-1465 Eastern Europe   5th son of Kuchuk Muhammad Died: Before 1468
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Ahmad احــمــد Ahmed Khan 864–886 1459-1482 Eastern Europe   1st son of Kuchuk Muhammad  
Juchid (Tukatimurid) Seid Ahmad III ســیــد احــمــد   Khan 885-886, 890-892 1481-1482, 1485-1487 Lower Volga Greate Horde    
Asen Georgy I Terter Георги I Тертер   Emir   1280-1292 Black Sea Zagora married Keramaria, daughter of Mizo Asen Tsar of Bulgaria 1280-1292. Died: After 1304

 

Primary Source: Nomisma Byzantii